Paddle Canada Intro to Kayaking Instructor.
August 4th, 5th and 6th.
Interested in putting your Paddle Canada Level 1 Skills to work for you?
Are you interested in growing the local paddling community while making some income at the same time? Look no further!
OutdoorsNB is providing you with the chance to become a paddle Canada Kayaking Instructor (upon successful completion and evaluation of the course).
Participants will demonstrate knowledge of the following topics, as applied to the teaching of recreational kayaking:
Teaching and learning
How one learns.
Conditions that encourage and promote learning.
Skill, knowledge and attitude areas of learning.
Goals and objectives.
Lesson planning and organization.
Instructor behavior and attitudes.
How to plan and organize a Kayaking course.
Paddling activities and games.
The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the following topics:
Paddle Canada policies, programs, accreditation and re-certification.
Organization and management of a course.
Other germane institutions and programs (National associations, Provincial associations, clubs, etc.) available in Canada.
Overview of resources (publications, manufacturers, retailers, web sites, repair persons, etc.) available in Canada.
Legal and liability issues affecting the instructor.
Safety procedures, hazard recognition, waterfront regulations and safety equipment.
Equipment choice, teaching sites and areas, and scheduling.
Development of appropriate teaching progression.
Kayaking activities, games and events.
Staffing and staff management.
Evaluation guidelines for all Instructor courses and mentorships
The Instructor will be evaluated by:
Observation throughout the course.
Written test of knowledge of course content of approximately one hour in length. Participants must achieve a mark of at least 80% to pass.
Written and oral presentations demonstrating ability to communicate course content.
Ongoing evaluation (by observation) of the participant’s performance in the areas of
safety, care of equipment, group dynamics and leadership.
A minimum of 2 demonstrations of teaching ability by each participant, 1 of which shall
be an “on water” session in which the participant teaches a kayaking skill. The
participant must select a site appropriate to the skill being taught and to the skill level of
the students. In addition, development of appropriate teaching progression and
strategies must be demonstrated.
Teaching topics may be previously assigned or chosen, or may be assigned at short
notice from a previously issued list. The course staff will determine the methods and
number of tests in each content area.
Retesting may occur at the discretion of the Course Director.
Post Course evaluation may be undertaken only by the Course Director or designate
within one year of the end of the course.
The following grades will be used for the evaluation of each test item:
P –Pass W –Weak F -Fail
Prior to the assessment, the Instructor Trainer will clearly outline the criteria for grading. To achieve Instructor status the participant should achieve a P in all tests. One W may be accepted at the discretion of the Instructor Trainer.
Participants will demonstrate all the skills at a high level of proficiency suitable for
instructional demonstration purposes.
Rescue and general paddling skills will exceed minimum skills and be suitable to the
The instructor is a leader in the paddling community and must demonstrate above
average judgment in all matters relating to safety, group management and the health
and welfare of all participants. The demands of the paddling environment make
a demonstration of good judgment an important skill for the completion of the course.
If re-assessment is conducted by a designated instructor, the designated instructor must currently hold the appropriate level of certification.
Typical Guidelines - Paddling Skills Assessment
1 Forward, backward, stopping - proper upright posture and evident torso rotation and
maintain a quick cadence (50 /min). Paddle enters near feet and exits near hip.
Appropriate choice of vertical & horizontal stroke-style. Relaxed wide grip.
2 Sweep - effective turning evident. Paddle placement well forward and continues well
back. Strong wide sweeping circular motion. Evident and consistent edge control held
during and after the stroke. Similar for backward sweep. Backward sweep should
generally be limited to static pivot turns and to initiating brace turns.
3 Draw - effective sideways movement. Paddle placement deep and vertical. Evident
edging (either edge). Relaxed and efficient grip.
4 Rudders - effective as demonstrated in combination with a forward or backward sweep.
5 Blending of strokes - strokes must blend one to another as in a repeated sweep on
one side, well edged, with a forward stroke on the other side. Draw stroke leading to
forward stroke (running draw). Smooth effective combinations such as forward sweep
and stern rudder.
6 High brace & sculling for support - shows confidence in capsizing the kayak in both
7 Rolling - reliable and spontaneous, one or both sides any technique.
8 Technical precision and consistency - instructors must be able to maintain a high
level of technical precision at all times. Paddlers watch the instructor for evidence of the
right way to paddle.
9 Self-rescue skills and responses - in response to simulated rescue scenarios the
Participant must choose effective techniques and progress through the rescue in a
timely manner. Paddler must demonstrate a high level of self-control and effective.
10 Assisted-rescue skills and responses - in response to simulated rescue scenarios the
Participant must choose effective techniques and progress through the rescue in a
timely manner. Paddler must demonstrate a high level of self-control and effective
management of the group and the victim.
11 Towing - quick and effective towing. Equipment must work reliably. Use an appropriate
technique for the scenario presented.
12 Equipment preparation - maintain a high level of preparedness both as an independent
paddler and an instructor responsible for the health, safety and comfort of paddlers.
Typical Guidelines - Classroom Teaching Assessment
1. Opening comments clear & concise - the instructor will introduce them self, and
provided any information pertinent to the lesson. The audience should be informed about
the nature and extent of the lesson being presented.
2. Topic clearly stated and presented in context - its importance and context within the
course as a whole must be clearly understood by the audience. The lesson should be
linked to the on-water portions of the course wherever possible.
3. Started and ended on time - the lesson must start and end on time. The overall length
of the lesson is of particular importance. Lessons significantly over time (5 minutes) will
be ended by the evaluator.
4. Voice clear and deliberate - the voice must carry clearly to the back of the classroom.
The instructor’s voice should vary in tone and be expressive. Effort should be made to
use proper grammar and coherent sentences. Use of slang and colloquialisms should be
used only as necessary.
5. Speaks with authority - the instructor should have a depth of knowledge that permits
comfortable and easy expression. Effort should be made to avoid unnecessary detail or
6. Pacing purposeful and appropriate - the lesson content should flow from a logical
beginning to a definite end. All important aspects of the topic should be given
appropriate time and emphasis.
7. Use of lesson aids - correct and purposeful use of white-boards. Overhead projectors,
hand out materials, demonstration goods or other lesson aids should enhance the
lesson. Effort should be made to use lesson aids where appropriate. Caution must be
taken to avoid having the lesson aide become a detriment to the lesson.
8. Student participation encouraged - the audience should be engaged by the lesson.
They should be provided the opportunity to ask questions as the lesson progresses and
after the lesson has been summarized.
9. Coverage of topic - the topic material must be covered adequately. Great care must be
taken to choose the lesson content to suit the skill and understanding level of the
audience and the overall context of the course. Too much content is also harmful to the
quality of the lesson.
10. Concluding comments clear & concise - the lesson must be concluded with a
summary or other appropriate closing comments. Opportunities for further study or
practice can be introduced at this time.
Typical Guidelines - Coaching Assessment
1. Choose appropriate location - location must match the skill being taught.
Consideration for environmental factors must be evident.
2. Organize the group - set the group up so that everyone can hear and see the
instructor. Consideration for environmental factors must be in evidence. Considerations
for other distractions must be evident. Keep group attention throughout the presentation.
3. Communicate clearly and effectively - Instructor must speak so that everyone can
hear. Positive language should be used.
4. Use lesson aids - correct and purposeful use of lesson aids such and model kayaks,
hands, paddle, body, and other objects where appropriate.
5. Introduce the skill - clearly and concisely introduce the topic, and relate it to the overall
progression of skills.
6. Demonstrate the skill - the skill must be demonstrated correctly and completely and
must be clearly evident to the students. Demonstrations must match introduction.
7. Explain the skill - why the skill is important and how it fits into the overall progression of
skills and applications to practical paddling.
8. Use activities to practice the skill - to practice the skill. Sufficient time must be
provided for paddlers to practice independently. The activity must be achievable and
pertains to the development of the specified skill.
9. Provides sufficient time for practice – a predetermined duration for practice is one
way to manage and limit ‘Instructor-talk’ and centre the activities on the paddlers in
10. Maintains control and contact with group – particular attention needs to be paid to
safety and overall awareness of the group and environmental hazards.
11. Detect and Correct common problems - observe and identify typical errors
encountered in learning each skill. Provide positive, constructive and appropriate
12. Summarize the skill – an appropriate summary is essential.
13. Start and stop on time - running over time creates many difficulties and should be
avoided. Instructors need to manage questions and distractions to keep on time.
Introduction to Kayaking, Instructor Course
To provide a national certification in the instruction and administration of the Paddle CanadaIntroduction to Kayaking Sea Kayaking Skills course.
The I.K. instructor is certified to
Conduct Paddle Canada Introduction to Kayaking Skills courses and certify paddlers at that level.
Assist a Level-1 Instructor on a Level-1 Skills course.
At least 16 years of age.
Paddle Canada Sea Kayaking Level-1 Skills certification.
Current certification in Standard First Aid with CPR. (8 hours).
2 days minimum.
1 trainer: 6 participants
Staff must consist of at least one Introduction to Kayaking Instructor Trainer.
Enclosed and sheltered with easy landing options immediately present.
Appropriate portions of this course can be taught in a pool.
Wind calm (< 8 knots) Sea state calm to rippled.
The following is an optional resource offered to Instructor Trainers to aid in the assessment of Instructor candidates.
Introduction to Kayaking Skills Assessment Guidelines
The paddler will complete or demonstrate:
Propulsion Demonstrate torso rotation when asked. It may not be obvious at
Demonstrate torso rotation when asked. It may not be obvious at
Nose plug can be worn (not diving mask).
Skirt must be in place over the cockpit.
Shows control i.e. he can stay under water and knock the hull 3
T-rescue Acts as rescuer & swimmer.
Acts as rescuer & swimmer.
The rescuer keeps their arms close to the body and the cockpit is drained by slightly lifting the bow. Hands stay below the head.
The rescuer keeps a firm hold over the second kayak to stabilize the
The swimmer keeps a hold on the capsized kayak or the rescuer’s kayak at all times.
Lifting a kayak
Use leg muscles to lift the kayak.
While lifting keep a straight back and avoid flexing forward.
Safety on the water
Shows group awareness (stay within group limit) and comply with